جاءت لحظة" حماس"؛
بإمكاننا شكر "فتح" على ذلك
ستار - 20/6/2007
ان سيطرة حماس على غزة هو
انتصار للجبهة التي تضم إيران
وسوريا و حزب الله و كذلك للفروع
المختلفة لجماعة الإخوان
المسلمين - التي تنتمي إليها
حركة حماس- و التي تسعى للسيطرة
على الحكم في بلادها.
Hamas moment has come;
you can thank Fatah
June 20, 2007Hamas' capture of the Gaza Strip last week
has created, along with Iran, a second radical Islamist
state in the Middle East. The region, probably the
Arab-Israeli conflict, and certainly the Palestinian
movement, will never be the same.
defeat in Gaza is not due to American foreign policy,
Israel, or anyone but Fatah itself. It is Yasser
Arafat's ultimate legacy, for he encouraged not only
violence against Israel, but also anarchy and corruption
within his own organization. Most importantly, Arafat
failed to resolve the conflict or give his people an
alternative vision to one of extreme radicalism and
endless fighting. By rejecting a compromise peace
solution in 2000 that would have created an independent
Palestinian state with its capital in East Jerusalem and
$23 billion in international aid, Arafat made clear that
there would be no alternative, "moderate"
scenario for resolving the Palestinians' problems.
was clear before the January 2006 elections that Hamas
was heading toward victory. Under weak leadership, Fatah
did nothing to address its deep-seated divisions and
corruption. Competing Fatah candidates split the vote,
ensuring that Hamas nominees won. Even after the defeat,
Fatah implemented not a single reform or leadership
change. Its leaders squabbled, regarded themselves as
the sole possible rulers and engaged in wishful thinking
that external factors would hand them whatever they
like communist and fascist parties in the past, Hamas
moved forward, with a clear doctrine, relative
discipline, and grim determination. Fatah's ideology and
practice laid the basis for Hamas to advance. With Fatah
demonizing Israel, rejecting compromise, demanding total
victory, glorifying violence, and portraying moderation
as treason, Hamas merely needed to prove that it was
better at pursuing this course.
will not moderate its stance, and its victory in Gaza
sets back the chances of Israel-Palestinian peace for
decades. Buoyed by its triumph, enjoying backing from
Syria (where its headquarters are located) and Iran,
Hamas will pursue its openly stated goal: the extinction
of Israel and its people. Any thought of concession or
compromise is gravely mistaken.
specific issues now move to center-stage: the fate of
the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, the future of the
Fatah-ruled West Bank, the world's attitude toward
Israel, and the strategic impact of Hamas' victory on
the Middle East.
now, while Gazans have suffered from the constant
fighting and economic failures brought about by their
leaders' policies, they have been left alone in their
private lives. Hamas might go slower or faster with an
"Islamization" program. Nevertheless, the
movement seems determined to transform the lives of
those it rules.
has suffered from anarchy; now it will be under the heel
of a dictatorship. For example, when Hamas forces seized
the Shati refugee camp, they deliberately executed three
women - two teenagers and a 75-year-old - because they
were relatives of Fatah officials. Those truly concerned
with the Palestinians' wellbeing should direct their
criticism at that people's leaders and seek to protect
their human rights in the Gaza Strip.
rule is still strong in the West Bank, but even the Gaza
catastrophe is unlikely to lead it to change its ways.
Israel's willingness to work with Mahmoud Abbas'
administration and the resumption of full-scale aid by
the United States are intended to consolidate a
relatively moderate Palestinian government on the West
Bank. However, whereas Abbas appointed Salam Fayyad, a
veteran economist respected in the West, as his new
prime minister, he probably should have picked someone
capable of being tough, organizing his forces, and
Fatah should now crack down on cross-border terrorism,
and seek some kind of peace with Israel. But Fatah has
its own view of what is logical - one that might not
coincide with such prescriptions. As wildly different as
the two cases are, Fatah resembles the French monarchy
before the revolution: incapable of learning from
experience or taking the steps needed to avoid its own
downfall. The world cannot save Fatah; only Fatah can
Israel, developments in Gaza pose a great challenge.
Israel has decided that it has no interest in renewing
its control over the Gaza Strip. In some ways, Hamas'
coup makes things clearer. Gaza is ruled by a hostile
regime. Israel will feel free to retaliate against
attacks and rocket fire at civilian targets. At last,
the world must recognize that the hopes stirred by the
1990s peace process have been completely dashed. In
effect, Hamas has returned the conflict to the 1960s and
1970s, when progress toward peace had to await the
Palestine Liberation Organization's readiness to accept
strategic implications for the region are equally grim.
Hamas' takeover of Gaza is a victory for the bloc
comprising Iran, Syria and Hizbullah, as well as the
separate branches of the Muslim Brotherhood (of which
Hamas is one) seeking to capture power in their own
countries. These forces comprehend that the most
important global contest today is between radical Islam
and the rest of the world. But when will the rest of the
world figure that out?
Rubin is director of the Global Research in
International Affairs Center and editor of the Middle
East Review of International Affairs. His latest book is
"The Truth About Syria." THE DAILY STAR
publishes this commentary in collaboration with Project
Syndicate (c) (www.project-syndicate.org).
لهذه المقالات لا يعني أنها
تعبر عن وجهة نظر المركز كلياً
من حق الزائر الكريم أن ينقل وأن ينشر كل ما يعجبه من موقعنا . معزواً إلينا ، أو غير معزو .ـ